BuildingAdvisor.com says “Most medium and large construction jobs are handled by a general contractor or GC. Some call the general contractor a builder, building contractor, remodeling contractor, etc. A “general” contractor enters into a contract with the owner to complete a project. As such she takes full responsibility to get the job done for the bid price. In general, he purchases the materials, hires the tradespeople, and brings in subcontractors to do the work. The subcontractors are responsible to the general contractor, not to you, the owner. So how do I choose the right general contractor?
Make sure the GC is properly licensed. Most states or counties as well as many large cities or townships license contractors; other jurisdictions require them to be registered. As a rule, licensing entails passing a test to measure competency, while registering involves only payment of a fee. If a problem arises, a government agency may be able to pursue a licensed or registered contractor on your behalf.
Consumers Report writes, “Ask for a list of previous customers; then call them or, better yet, visit their homes to look at the work. Ask some penetrating questions such as these:”
Industry groups recommend that when selecting a general contractor, you get a written estimate from at least three contractors. We suggest at least five bids. An estimate should detail the work, the materials needed, the labor required, and the length of time the job will take. Obtaining multiple estimates is a good idea. An estimate can evolve into a bid—a more detailed figure based on plans with actual dimensions. Seeking more than one bid will increase your odds of paying less. Once agreed to and signed by you and the contractor, a bid becomes a contract.
The lowest bid doesn’t necessarily mean it is the best bid. Make sure you are not comparing apples to oranges. You might also buy your own materials to make sure the contractor isn’t substituting cheaper materials.
With a contractor, you want a project manager who will manage the sub-trades and make sure they are cooperative and stick to the schedule. Ask how the GC pays the subs, how often, and do they receive pay for completed work.
Draw up a contract that details every step of the project: payment schedule; proof of liability insurance and worker’s compensation payments; a start date and projected completion date; and specific materials and products. Additionally, the contract includes a requirement that the contractor obtains lien releases (which protect you if he doesn’t pay his bills) from all subcontractors and suppliers. Insisting on a clear contract isn’t about mistrust. It’s about ensuring a successful renovation.
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